On 12 March 1997, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights opened against the Colombian State the case 11,227 about the extermination of the Colombian political party Union Patriotica and its supporters. The case is not yet closed.
A series produced in Colombia by Pietro Paolini in occasion of the Graziadei Award and exhibited at MACRO-Roma during Fotografia Festival 2015.
Caso colectivo 11.227 exhibition
The Patriotic Union was founded in 1985 as part of peace
negotiations between rebel groups FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia)
and ELN (Ejército de Liberación Nacional) and President Belisario Betancur. The
new movement stood for election in 1986 and won the greatest share of votes
ever achieved by a left-wing party in Colombia.Nonetheless, between 1986 and 2006, two presidential candidates,eight congressmen, 13
state deputies, 70 councillors, 11 mayors and approximately 3,000 militants
were assassinated by paramilitary groups and members of State security forces.
What might have initially looked like a coincidence was progressively revealed
to be a systematic persecution intended to eliminate the party and instil
terror among its supporters. Many of the survivors and their families fled the
country or hid in an attempt to escape the violence but in October 2015, the
Patriotic Union stood for election again in various Departments, at great risk
since 95% of the crimes committed between 1986 and 2006 have gone completely
Pietro Paolini has tackled the most significant facts of this dramatic affair, reconstructing the stories of various cases of homicide, massacres, forced disappearance and exile filed with the Inter-American Court. Through different visual testimonies – put together by photographing the places where the events occurred, depicting landscapes and details, families and survivors, and collecting material obtained from the families themselves or public archives – Pietro Paolini has reconstructed the complex events, analysing their systematic and ferocious nature, and making every single affair humane and personal.