Pietro Paolini


La tierra del viento

Istmo de Tehuantepec, Oxaca State, Mexico.

View gallery

Latin America has enormous potential for renewable energy generation. However, the current expansion of this market is primarily driven by large private companies, which unfortunately often leads to the violation of the rights of local communities and the environment.

La tierra del viento

Research indicates that Latin America, particularly Mexico and Central America, experiences the highest number of abuses in the development of renewable energy.

One illustrative example of this problem is the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico, renowned for its significant wind potential. Presently, there are 29 operational wind farms in the region, covering an area of 32,000 hectares. Regrettably, the construction of these wind farms took place without conducting environmental or social impact studies, encroaching upon community land that was often acquired illegitimately and without prior consultation with the local populations. Consequently, these actions have had adverse effects on both the environment and the affected communities, without any corresponding benefits being provided to them.

Indigenous communities, who have been at the forefront of opposing the construction of new wind farms, face constant threats and numerous human rights violations have been reported. Nonetheless, in recent years, they have successfully halted the construction of three new plants through direct action and legal proceedings. The communities' ongoing defense of their territory clashes with the abuses committed by large international corporations in the name of renewable energy development.